Global Barotrauma Market: Introduction

Barotrauma constitutes injuries instigated due to changes in pressure of air or water. These changes in pressure can take place during flights and deep sea diving. Barotrauma generally affects the middle ear, lungs, eyes, skin, brain, and genitals. It also affects the paranasal sinuses causing aerosinusitis and teeth causing barodontalgia. The most common type of barotrauma is barotrauma of the ear. Barotrauma of the ear is known as barotitis (aero-otitis) and happens during the landing of airplanes. The change in pressure while landing leads to formation of a vacuum in the middle ear, causing pain and muffling of sound. In more severe cases, fluid accumulation can take place in the middle ear as the body tries to equate the change in pressure leading to pain, infection, and difficulty in hearing for individuals. Barotrauma is more common among individuals who are prone to colds and allergies. In many cases, barotrauma of the lungs is associated with scuba diving. This type of barotrauma creates a vacuum in the lungs and causes damage to the lung tissue. In some cases, barotrauma of the lungs is caused in patients under mechanical ventilation systems. High air pressure can damage the alveoli or air sacks in the lungs. Major symptoms of barotrauma are pain in ear, feeling of blocked ear, dizziness, fluid accumulation, bleeding, and loss in hearing ability. Barotrauma is diagnosed through examination of the middle ear with an otoscope (a magnifying tool used for observing the position of the eardrum). In order to prevent barotrauma, the Eustachian tube should not be blocked. If individuals are affected by cold or any sort of allergies, they should reconsider air travel or scuba diving. Treatment of barotrauma comprises usage of decongestant nasal spray. Antihistamines can be used for relief. When individuals experience the symptoms of barotrauma, they should consider chewing candy, yawning, and try to blow air out through their nose keeping it shut. If the symptoms persist, the physician could prescribe certain antibiotics and steroids to reduce inflammation and infections. In rare cases, if the eardrums are ruptured and have not healed, surgery has to be performed.

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Key Drivers of Global Barotrauma Market

Increase in Incidence of Ear Barotrauma

The development of barotrauma in mechanically COVID-19 patients complicates their management and hospital course. The increased incidence of barotrauma with COVID-19 may be a product of the pathophysiology of this disease state and a heightened inflammatory response causing rampant acute lung injury. No tympanic membrane perforations were found. The most common symptoms were difficulty clearing ears during descent, ear pressure, and ear pain.

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Rise in Noise Pollution

Based on a 2011–2012 CDC study involving hearing tests and interviews with participants, the National Institute on Deafness & Other Communication Disorders stated that at least 10 million adults, around 6%, in the U.S. are aged under 70, and 40 million, or 24%, have hearing loss in one or both ears from exposure to loud noise.

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Surge in Incidence of Acute Sensorineural Hearing Loss

The rate of incidence of sudden sensorineural hearing loss is 5 to 20 per 100,000 individuals. The actual rate of incidence of sudden sensorineural hearing loss could be higher than these estimates, as affected individuals who recover quickly do not opt for medical care. The two most common bacterial infections known to cause sudden sensorineural hearing loss in the U.S. are Lyme disease and syphilis. Lyme disease is endemic in North America. It is caused by infection by a spirochete called Borrelia burgdorferi, which is transmitted by the bite of deer ticks.

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North America to Account for Major Share of Global Barotrauma Market

North America is projected to account for major share of the global barotrauma market during the forecast period. The market in the region is anticipated to grow at a rapid pace in the next few years due to increase in research & development and technologically advanced products introduced in the market. Europe is expected to be the second largest market during the forecast period owing to advanced facilities provided by the hospital infrastructure in the region. The barotrauma market in Asia Pacific is likely to expand at a high CAGR during the forecast period owing to the dense population and high birthrate.

Key Players Operating in Global Barotrauma Market

The global barotrauma market is highly consolidated owing to the presence of small number of key players.

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