The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulates and controls food manufacturing, processing, handling, distribution and food product development. In the United States, the Food Quality Association is an organization that sets industry standards. The FDA creates policy and ensures that the importing and exporting of food takes place according to safety and compliance. The FDA regulates all food products including cosmetics, pet food, pharmaceuticals, foods for human/non-human consumption, drugs and biologics. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) monitors production, processing, packaging, and distribution to ensure the quality and safety of the final product.
There are various reasons why the FDA regulates the food industry globally. One reason is to keep the supply chain running smoothly, to avoid any supply or demand discrepancies, and to maintain the quality and safety of the finished product. Another reason is to protect the consumer from tainted or mislabeled food, as well as to make sure that farmers are abiding by required sanitary conditions. Food product development in developing countries is needed to keep up with the international standards of food production and sales.
Nutrition education is important for public health. Most developing countries do not have access to the proper nutrition education needed to promote healthy diets and prevent chronic diseases such as diabetes, osteoporosis, cardiovascular disease, and obesity. This deficiency in nutrition leads to a variety of ailments, from birth defects to premature death. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) helps to ensure that children and women are properly educated on nutrition and how to eat right to prevent these diseases. They also work to promote healthy diets and promote the sale and distribution of nutritious foods to those who don't consume them on a regular basis.
Promoting healthy diets and eating habits is beneficial to developing countries because it helps to reduce poverty. An organization like the WHO helps to monitor and distribute information on nutrition and dietary programs to the populations of these developing countries. By promoting healthy diets, the supply of food products, especially staple foods like rice and cereals, can be improved, which improves overall health.
One challenge food product development in developing countries faces is lack of access to capital. Many organizations rely on local individuals to help fund their activities. In many cases, individuals are forced to sell their goods at very low prices to make ends meet. Other groups, such as church groups or villages, have pooled money together to purchase plots of land so that they can plant crops and create local farms. These groups then sell the produce at higher prices to support themselves.
Another challenge developing countries face is contamination of local food product development with chemicals that are imported from developed countries. The contaminated food products can become sick with serious diseases brought about by tainted elements. To combat this problem, developing countries require food product developers to adhere to hygiene requirements set forth by the World Health Organization. It is also important to promote the use of safe compost and organic fertilizers to ensure a healthy environment for future farmers.