Low back pain is often caused by soft-tissue injuries and mechanical problems. These injuries include injury of the intervertebral discs, compression and nerve root compression, as well as improper movement.

Lower-back pain is most commonly caused by a torn or pulled muscle and/or ligament.

Ligament Sprains and Muscle Strains

A low back strain or sprain may occur quickly or gradually from repeated movements. Strains occur when a muscle is stretched too far. This can cause tears and injury. When ligaments become damaged due to over-stretching, tearing, or other causes, sprains can occur. These ligaments connect the bones.

It doesn't really matter what the injury is to the ligament or muscle, so long as the symptoms are the exact same.

Sudden movements can lead to sudden movements if you put too much stress on the low back (e.g. a fall). Bad posture can cause poor health.

Sports injuries are more common for those who engage in twisting or have high impact. Even though sprains and strains may not sound serious, they can cause severe discomfort. If you feel in pain, you should consult a pain specialist in Torrance.

Lower Back Pain

Chronic pain refers to any condition that lasts longer than three months and/or exceeds the body’s natural healing process. Chronic low back pain can be caused by a disc problem, a joint problem, or an irritated nerve root. These are just a few of the many causes.

Lumbar herniated disc. The jelly-like center of a lumbar disk may crack through the tough outer layers, causing irritation to nearby nerve roots. Nerve root pain can be caused by nerve root irritation due to the proteins in herniated disc. A tear in the disc wall can also cause severe pain. Nerve fibers are also present in the disc wall. For the best results, it is better to consult a spine specialist south bay.

Degenerative disc disease. The inter vertebral discs are healthy and well hydrated at birth. Our discs become more fragile and less hydrated as we age. The disc loses its ability to resist force and becomes less hydrated. This can cause tears, weakness, or pain to disc walls. Disc collapse can also cause stenosis. It is important to see a doctor for lower back pain as this could lead to serious complications.

Facet joint dysfunction. There are two facet joints located behind each disc in the motion segment. These joints are composed of cartilage between bones, and are enclosed by a capular ligament. This ligament is well innervated with nerves. These joints can be very painful either by themselves or in combination with disc pain.

Sacroiliac dysfunction. The sacrum is the connecting link between the base of your spine and each side of the pelvis. This is a strong joint that has low motion and absorbs shock and tension between the lower and upper bodies. It can cause pain if the sacroiliac joint becomes inflamed (sacroiliitis) or if it moves too fast or slow.

Spinal Stenosis. This is a condition that causes pain by narrowing the spinal canal. It affects nerve roots. It can be found at one or more levels of the lower back.

A spondylolisthesis. One vertebra slides over another. There are five types (spondylolisthesis), the most common being secondary to a defect or fracture in the pars (between the facet joints) and mechanical instability (degenerative). Pain can be caused by instability (back) or compression of nerves(leg).

Osteoarthritis. This is due to wear and tear of the disc and facet joints. It can lead to pain, inflammation, instability and stenosis. It may be located at one or more levels of the lower back. As we age, spinal osteoarthritis may become more severe over time. You can also call it spondylosis or degenerative joint disease.

Deformity. Curvature may include scoliosis or psychosis. Lower back pain can be caused by deformities such as stenosis or facet joint fractures, or stenosis.