Our mouths are reserved with bacteria. These bacteria combine with mucus and other particles, constantly forming a sticky film that is referred to as plaque on teeth. Usually, daily brushing and flossing help to get rid of plaque. If plaque is not removed regularly it can harden and develop tartar that is difficult to remove by brushing and flossing. Find A Dentist to clean or a dental hygienist to remove tartar.
Periodontitis is an infection of the tissues of the gums. Generally, it is caused by poor brushing and flossing habits that allow to build up plaque and it is not eliminated into tartar. In high-level stages, periodontal disease can lead to sore, bleeding gums, painful chewing problems, and even tooth loss.
Symptoms of Periodontitis are enlisted below:
- The bad smell won’t go away easily.
- Swollen, red gums.
- Bleeding gums.
- Pain while chewing or biting.
- Teeth sensitivity.
- Receding gums.
Stages of Gum Disease
Periodontal disease can be divided into four separate stages involving gingivitis, slight periodontal disease, moderate periodontal disease, and advanced periodontal disease to get explained details about it.
It is the outcome of the development of plaque nearby the teeth. There are only a few indications at this stage and most often painless. That’s why periodontal disease is so common and so concerning. Periodontal disease does not affect much until the fourth and final stage. The first stage includes a bad smell, and redness of the gums, and bleeding when you are brushing or flossing. Overall oral hygiene and regular checkups can treat gingivitis.
Slight Periodontal Disease
It is the second stage of periodontal disease. It is not reversible, but it can be managed by Dental Care Near Me. In the second stage, the infection will spread to the bone and begin to destroy bones. The bacteria develops and becomes more proactive, which causes additional bone loss. Simple oral hygiene will no longer cure it. Symptoms include increased swelling or redness of the gums, bad breath, bleeding when brushing or flossing, and penetrating depths that can be between four and five millimeters.
Moderate Periodontal Disease
The third stage of periodontal disease cannot be reversed in any way. At stage three, the symptoms are the same as stage two that occur, but probing depths are greater at six to seven millimeters which permits even more bacteria to attack that affects not only your bones but your bloodstream and immune system as well.
Advanced Periodontal Disease
In addition to bone loss, advanced periodontal disease causes red, swollen gums that pass pus, cold sensitivity, further it can cause loosening of teeth, painful chewing, and severe halitosis. Periodontal surgery or periodontal laser therapy is only the option in order to clean the deep bacteria-filled pockets that have formed.
The first step involves a special cleaning procedure that involves scaling and root planing. The procedure helps to remove plaque and tartar on the tooth and root surfaces. The procedure helps to restore gum tissue to heal periodontal pockets to shrink. The treatment is done at the Dental Clinic Near Me. To know more about the available treatment options you can visit Dental Offices Near Me.