Steel is an alloy. It is made up of iron and carbon and have high tensile strength. This property is widely used in buildings, cars, ships, weapons, and various other things. It has a wide variety of applications, from a sewing needle to an oil tanker. It is one of the oldest materials and is used for 100 years.
There are almost 3,500 grades of steel, and each has its physical, chemical, and environmental properties.
The SS 304 Bolts production in the World is more than 1.6 billion tons every year.
Modern steels are developing year in and year out. They are used in automobiles which makes the vehicle lighter and more durable.
a193 b7Steel usually rust when they come in contact with water and oxygen. They return to their original form. So, to prevent it, different coatings are applied to steel. The layer may be enamel or paint. Sometimes nickel and chromium are added to the steel to prevent rust.
Types of steel
- Carbon steel — They are available in three forms. Low carbon steel contains 0.3 percentage of carbon, medium carbon steel has 0.60 rates, and high carbon steel containing 1.5 percentage carbon. The carbon differs in three types of carbon steel. These steel are usually subjected to corrosion. They look pretty dull, but they are very strong. They are widely used in knives, automobile parts, and various other things. Almost 90 percentage of steel produced in the World is carbon steel.
- Alloy steel — It is made up of nickel, copper, and aluminum. They are cheaper as compared to carbon steel. But they have resistance towards corrosion. They are used in fan shafts, pipelines, parts of the car, etc.
- Tool steel — They are made up of molybdenum, tungsten, and cobalt. This steel is heat and scrapes resistant.
- Stainless steel –They have only 10 to 20 percent of chromium. It can be molded into different sizes. They are well resistant to corrosion. It is widely used in surgical equipment, home appliances, silverware, and various other things.
Steel manufacturers in India
There are several stainless steel fasteners manufacturers in India. The reputed companies in India produce steel fasteners that are durable, flexible, resistant to wear and tear and have accurate dimensions. These fasteners have many applications like in the petroleum industry, fertilizer, paper mill, chemical industry, and various construction sites. So, numerous sectors are dependent on this company for the manufacture of steel.
These companies even manufacture 316 stainless steel bolts. These bolts are used in extreme environmental conditions, whether they may be subjected to more and tear. It is mainly used in aircraft engines. This steel consists of three main elements, i.e., chromium, nickel, and molybdenum. That’s why they have higher creep strength as compared to other types of steel.
We cannot imagine our life without steel. Steel is widely used in various applications. In the year 1967, the whole World produced around 500 million tons of steel, but now, above 1.6 million tons of steel are made each year. From this difference, you can know the importance of steel in various fields.