Medical case reports, also known as case studies or case histories, disseminate clinical procedures, investigate clinical circumstances, and provide an example of a diagnostic or therapeutic issue that one or more patients have encountered. MCRs can come from any branch of veterinary science, nursing, dentistry, or medicine.

What exactly is a medical case report, then?

Clinical case report is the dissemination of information about an unusual or previously undiagnosed ailment, a rare presentation or new complication of a known disease, or a novel treatment strategy for a widespread illness to the medical community. It can also be described as a thorough account of a patient's symptoms, signs, diagnosis, therapy, and follow-up.

CCRs are the cornerstones of medical advancement and the first line of defence for new medical theories in the literature. It is a quick exchange of information between clinicians who are too busy to conduct extensive study. A thorough analysis of the pertinent literature is included in certain MCRs.

How is the Medical Case Report (MCR) structured?
The format of MCR varies according on the journal in which it will be published, and some may additionally call for a literature review. However, in general, the following elements are needed to structure the MCR:

Introduction (background)
Case presentation
Patient perspective (optional and unique to JMCR, BMCRM, and all other BMC Clinical Journals journals)
List of Abbreviations (BMC Journals, Journal of Medical Case reports)
Authors Information
Cover Letter